This is a list of some scientific articles relevant to anosmia and smell training.

Some journals are not available without subscription, but may be available through larger libraries.

• Position Paper on Olfactory Dysfunction, Rhinology 54, Hummel, T et al; March 2017,

• Olfactory function and the social lives of older adults: a matter of sex      Sci Rep. 2017 Mar 22;7:45118. doi: 10.1038/srep45118. Boesveldt SYee JR, McClintock MK, Lundström JN

• Long term effects of olfactory training in patients with post-infectious olfactory loss
Rhinology 54 - 2 2016; Article 4412. I. Konstantinidis, E. Tsakiropoulou, J. Constantinidis 

• Modified olfactory training in patients with post-infectious olfactory loss
Laryngoscope. 2015 Aug;125(8):1763-6. doi: 10.1002/lary.25245. Epub 2015 Jun 2. Altundag A, Cayonu M, Kayabasoglu G, Salihoglu M, Tekeli H, Saglam O, Hummel T.

• Efficacy of olfactory training in patients with olfactory loss: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Pekala K, Chandra RK, Turner JH. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2015;00:1–7.

• The impact of olfactory disorders in the United Kingdom. Philpott CM, Boak D. - Chem Senses. 2014 Oct;39(8):711-8. doi:10.1093/chemse/bju043. Epub 2014 Sep 8. PMID: 25201900.

• Altered Quality of Life and Psychological Health (SCL-90-R) in Patients With Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps. Chung JH, Lee YJ, Kang TW, Kim KR, Jang DP, Kim IY, Cho SH. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2015 Mar 5. pii: 0003489415576181. [Epub ahead of print]  PMID: 25743178

• Are small olfactory bulbs a risk for olfactory loss following an upper respiratory tract infection? Patterson A, Hähner A, Kitzler HH, Hummel T. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2015 Jan 30. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25634064 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

• Recovery of olfactory function induces neuroplasticity effects in patients with smell loss. Kollndorfer K, Kowalczyk K, Hoche E, Mueller CA, Pollak M, Trattnig S, Schöpf V. Neural Plast. 2014;2014:140419. doi: 10.1155/2014/140419. Epub 2014 Dec 3. PMID: 25544900

• Olfactory disorders and quality of life--an updated review. Croy I, Nordin S, Hummel T. Chem Senses. 2014 Mar;39(3):185-94. doi: 10.1093/chemse/bjt072. Epub 2014 Jan 15. Review. PMID: 24429163

• Use of olfactory training in post-traumatic and postinfectious olfactory dysfunction. Konstantinidis I, Tsakiropoulou E, Bekiaridou P, Kazantzidou C, Constantinidis J. - Laryngoscope. 2013 Dec;123(12):E85-90. doi: 10.1002/lary.24390. Epub 2013 Oct 4. PMID: 24114690

• Retronasal testing of olfactory function: an investigation and comparison in seven countries. Croy I, Hoffmann H, Philpott C, Rombaux P, Welge-Luessen A, Vodicka J, Konstantinidis I, Morera E, Hummel T. - Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2014 May;271(5):1087-95. doi: 10.1007/s00405-013-2684-9. Epub 2013 Sep 3. PMID: 23999595

• Olfactory training is helpful in postinfectious olfactory loss: a randomized, controlled, multicenter study. Damm M, Pikart LK, Reimann H, Burkert S, Göktas Ö, Haxel B, Frey S, Charalampakis I, Beule A, Renner B, Hummel T, Hüttenbrink KB. - Laryngoscope. 2014 Apr;124(4):826-31. doi: 10.1002/lary.24340. Epub 2013 Sep 19. PMID: 23929687

• Learning to smell: repeated exposure increases sensitivity to androstenone, a major component of boar taint. Mörlein D, Meier-Dinkel L, Moritz J, Sharifi AR, Knorr C. - Meat Sci. 2013 Aug;94(4):425-31. doi: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2013.03.020. Epub 2013 Mar 28. PMID: 23611883

• Olfactory dysfunction in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Sánchez-Vallecillo MV, Fraire ME, Baena-Cagnani C, Zernotti ME. - Int J Otolaryngol. 2012;2012:327206. doi: 10.1155/2012/327206. Epub 2012 May 20. PMID: 22685462

• Effects of olfactory training in patients with olfactory loss. Hummel T, Rissom K, Reden J, Hähner A, Weidenbecher M, Hüttenbrink KB. - Laryngoscope. 2009 Mar;119(3):496-9. doi: 10.1002/lary.20101. PMID: 19235739

• Distorted odorant perception: analysis of a series of 56 patients with parosmia. Bonfils P, Avan P, Faulcon P, Malinvaud D. - Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005 Feb;131(2):107-12. PMID: 15723940. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2014 Jun;271(6):1557-62. doi: 10.1007/s00405-013-2747-y. Epub 2013 Oct 6.

• Olfactory training for patients with olfactory loss after upper respiratory tract infections. Geißler K1, Reimann H, Gudziol H, Bitter T, Guntinas-Lichius O. Eur. Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2014 Jun; (6):1557-62

• Effects of chronic peripheral olfactory loss on functional brain networks K. Kollndorfera, b, A. Jakaba, C.A. Muellerc, S. Trattnigd, V. Schöpfa, e, f, - Neuroscience, 28 September 2015